performance of a microhydro power plant. The size of the penstock and its ability to withstand the pressure of the water must be carefully selected in order to optimise the performance of the hydro and to prevent problems during operation. The tailrace is after the turbine where the water is usually returned to the stream downstream of the headrace. MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS MANUAL FOR PRIVATE MICRO HYDROPOWER PLANTS Prepared by Development and Consulting Service P. O. Box: 8, Butwal, Nepal Crossflow Turbines Pelton Turbines Tapered Locking Sleeves Bearing fitted with Tapered Adapter Sleeves PowerSpout Pelton (PLT) Technical Manual This manual contains data and information use as microhydro generators.
power we can generate in theory from a hydro turbine attached to the bottom on the spouting. Hence the name PowerSpout. The various components of a micro hydro installation are (also refer to Figure 1 below): a) Civil Components: Structures designed to conduct water from source to the turbine for optimum energy generation. It has several sub components described below.
b) Turbines: The turbine converts energy from the falling water into rotating shaft power. The Microhydro Pelton Turbine Manual is written to enable the reader to design and manufacture Pelton turbines with capacities from a few hundred Watts to around 100kw, though much of the information is relevant for larger units too. MicroHydro design aids manual Chitrakar; 2004 Procedural guidelines for MicroHydro power projects in Nepal (hydrology, headworks, settling basins, penstock and power calculation, Transmission and distribution, costs and financial analysis.
8. MicroHydro Power: A guide for development workers, P Fraenkel, O Paish, V Bokalders, A Harvey& A Brown, Practical Action Publishing, IT Power, Stockholm Environment Institute, 1991. 9. The Microhydro Pelton Turbine Manual: Design, manufacture and installation for small scale hydropower Inversin, Allen R. Practical Action Publishing 10. The" Microhydro Pelton Turbine Manual" is written to enable the reader to design and manufacture Pelton turbines with capacities from a few hundred watts to around 100kw, though much of the information is relevant for larger units too.